Effect of Micronutrients Application and Spraying Yeast Extract on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Keywords:Triticum aestivum L., Yield components, Seed yield, Protein yield
A field experiment was conducted during winter season of 2018-2019, at Al-Qurna district (75 km north of Basrah city centre). The aim of experiment was studding the effect of five levels of micronutrients (MN), Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, B, and Mo: 0, 2 and 4 kg. ha-1 (soil application), 500 and 1000 ppm (foliar application), and three levels of activated yeast extract (AYE): 0, 3 and 6 g. L-1, in the yield and qualitative characteristics of wheat. The experiment was carried out using randomized completely block design in a split arrangement with three replicates. The main plots contained fertilizer levels. While the sub-plot occupied by Yeast levels. The results showed that spraying 1000 ppm from the solution of MN significantly increase the number of spikes per m2 , the number of grains in the spike, grain yield and biological yield with an increase by 15.4%, 18%, 27.5 % and 35% respectively compared to the control treatment, while the concentration of 500 ppm significantly increase protein yield with an increase of 35% compared to the control treatment. The results also showed that spraying 6 g. L- 1 of AYE differ significantly and gave the highest values of spikes number per m2 , number of grains per spike , grain yield , biological yield and protein yield, with an increase by 5.84%, 7.1%, 11.4% , 11.1% and 10.9% respectively compared to the control treatment. The interaction between application of 4 kg. MN ha-1 and the level of 6 g. L-1 AYE gave a significant superiority in the number of spikes (333.9 spike m-2), while the spraying of 1000 ppm + 6 g. L-1 AYE gave the highest grain yield (8.891 ton. ha-1) and biological yield (31.827 ton. ha-1).
Abu-Dahi, Y. M. (1995). The Effect of leaf feeding with green Zit-3 on growth, harvesting and quality of wheat grain Triticum aestivum L. for Abu Ghraib cultivar 3. The Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 26: 30-36. (In Arabic).
Abu-Dahi, Y.M. & Shati, R.K. (2009). Effect of foliar feeding of iron, zinc and potassium on growth and yield of wheat. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 40(1): 69-81. (In Arabic).
Al-Alusi, Y.A.M. (2002). Effect of spraying with iron and manganese in potassium-mixed soils on wheat growth and yield. Ph. D. Thesis. Coll. Agric. Univ. Baghdad. 78pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Ani, M. H.I. & Al-Obeidi, N. D.A. (2017). Response of varieties of maiza to bio-fertilization of bread yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae L. Al-Anbar J. Agric. Sci., 15(2): 471-383. (In Arabic).
Al-Hamdani, G.A.; Taha, B.N. & Al-Jubouri. E.S. (2014). The effect of bio-enriched EMI and yeast suspension on the quantitative traits of the quaternary wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) M. Sc. Thesis, Coll. Sci. Univ. Mosul: 131pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Hassan, R.S.H. (2017). Response of three varieties of wheat Triticum aestivum L. to the bacterial vaccine Azotobacter chroococcum and boron spraying. M. Sc. Thesis. Coll. Agric. Univ. Basrah: 94pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Jubouri, F.D.F. (2015). Effect of molybdenum and spraying with boron on growth and yield of broad bean (Vicia faba L.). M. Sc. Thesis. Coll. Agric. Univ. Basrah: 90pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Jumailly, I.A.S. (2011). Effect of foliar application of micronutrient spraying on growth and yield of three wheat varieties. Anbar J. Agric. Sci., 9(2): 80-90. (In Arabic).
Al-Maeini, W.K.A. & Al-Isawi, Y.J.A. (2017). Effect of foliar application of yeast extract on seed yield components of five sorghum cultivars. Anbar J. Agric. Sci., 15(1): 152-161. (In Arabic).
Al- Shammary, A.S.H. & Salman, N.D. (2011). Effect of bio-organic and mineral fertilization on the growth and yield of wheat. M. Sc. Thesis. Coll. Agric. Univ. Baghdad: 117pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Tameme, M.S. (2013). Response of two varieties of wheat to spray iron and zinc. Euphrates J. Agric. Sci., 5(3): 122-130. (In Arabic).
Al-Zergawy, M.A.A. (2016). Effect of foliar an-Nebras colloidal fertilizer at different growth stages on growth, yield and yield components of Barley (Hordeum vulgar L.). Basrah J. Agric. Sci., 29(2): 502--513. (In Arabic).
De Wedar, G.A. & Ibrahim, E.A.M. (2016). Effect of foliar application of yeast on yield and seed quality of some rice cultivars. Plant Prod. Univ., 7(6): 593-601.
El-Desouky, S.A., Wanas, A.L.; Khedr, Z.M V.A. & Kandiann, K. (2007). Utilization of parthasara the horticulthre. vegetable some natural plant extracts (of garlic and yeast) as seed soaked materials to squash (Cucurbatia pepo L.) 1. Effect on growth, sex expression and fruit yield & quality. J. Agri. Sci. Moshtohor Zagazig Univ., 35(2): 839 -854.
Ezz El-Din, A.A. &. Hendawy, S.F. (2010). Effect of dry yeast and compost tea on growth and oil content of Borago officinalis. Res. J. Agri. Biol. Sci., 6(4): 424-430.
Hussein, W.A.H. & Khalaf, L.Q. (2008). Some growth and productivity standards for potato yield after spraying with Different Concentrations of yeast solution J. Nahrain Univ., 11(1): 33-37. (In Arabic).
Ismail, M.A. & Amin, M.A. (2014). Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants to foliar spraying of some bio-stimulants (yeast extract, arginine, B12 and their interactions. Al Azhar Bull. Sci., 25(2): 1-10. (In Arabic).
Khalaf, T.I.; Bassima A.A & Araak, R.R. (2017). Effect of soil and foliar fertilization using Humzinc compound on some growth and yield characters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Karbala J. Agric. Sci., 4(1): 62-73. (In Arabic).
Meghana S.; Kadalli G.G; Prakash S.S. & Fathima P.S. (2019). Effect of micronutrients mixture on growth and yield of aerobic rice. Int. J. Chem. Stud., 7(2): 1733-1735.
Mohamed, M.F.; Thaloth, A.T.; Essa, R.E.Y. & Mirvat, E. (2018). The stimulatory effects of Tryptophan and yeast on yield and nutrient status of wheat (Triticum aestivum ) grown in newly reclaimed soil. Middle East J. of Agric. Res., 7(1): 27-33.
Neama, N.M.; Shafeek, M.R.; Helmy, Y.I.; Ahmed, A.A. & Magda, A.F.S. (2014). Effect of vitamin E and yeast extract foliar application on growth, pod yield and both green pod and seed yield of broad bean (Vicia faba L.). Middle East J. Sci., 4(1): 61-67.
Rawashdeh, M.H. & Sala, F. (2014). Foliar application of boron on some yield components and grain yield of wheat. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res., 2(7): 97-101.
Salim, S.C. & Ali, N.S. (2017). Directory of chemical analyzes of soil, water, plants and fertilizers. Min. Hig. Educ. Sci. Res. Univ. Baghdad. Coll. Agric.: 307pp. (In Arabic).
Salman, F.A. & Aliwi, Z.H. (2017). Effect of spraying yeast and urea fertilizer on some indicators of vegetative growth and productivity of pumpkin (Cucurbitia pepo L.) J. Babylon Univ. Pure Appl. Sci., 25(4): 1452-1457. (In Arabic).
Sarhan, T.Z.; Ali, S.T.S. & Rasheed, M.S. (2011). Effect of bread yeast application and seaweed extract on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plant growth, yield and fruit quality. Mesopotamia J. Agric., 39(2): 26-34.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Miraje M.M. Al-Shamary & Kadhim H. Huthily
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.