Genetic and Phenotypic Assessment of Garden Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes

Authors

  • Slavka Kalapchieva Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute, 32 Brezovsko shosse Str., 4003 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Valentin Kosev Institute of Forage Crops, 89 General Vladimir Vazov Str., 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria
  • Viliana Vasileva Institute of Forage Crops, 89 General Vladimir Vazov Str., 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37077/25200860.2020.33.1.09

Keywords:

Garden pea, Genotypes, Breeding, inheritance

Abstract

The field trial was conducted during the growing season 2017-2019 in the experimental fields of the Maritsa Vegetable Crop Institute, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The study used 10 samples of garden peas (Pisum sativum L). for measurement. Plant tall (?m), height to first fertile node (?m), length of internode (cm), number of tillers, number of branches, number of ineffective nodes, total number of nodes, total number of pods per plant, one pod per fruiting handle, two pods per fruiting handle, pod length (?m), pod width (?m), pod weight per plant, weight of green grains per plant (g), % filled grains, % unfilled grains, average number of grains per pod were assessed. Analysis variance showed significant differences between the genotypes of garden peas in all the traits studied. A lower level of the genetic variance was found compared to the phenotypic one by the number of branches, total number of nodes and one pod per fruiting handle. The coefficient of genetic variation is higher than the phenotypic one for most of the traits and ranged from 5.51-5.82% for pod width and total number of nodes to 56.98-59.09% for number of branches and % unfilled grains. For signs of plant tall (98.32% and 129.31%), height to first fertile node (91.22% and 29.32%), weight of pods per plant (86.83%, 29.32), weight of green grains per plant (83.7%, 11.89%) and % filled grains (77.81% and 24.96%). It was found high inheritance combined with high genetic progress. This is a prerequisite for increasing the biological potential on these traits and a real opportunity to create new forms of garden peas possessing such qualities. The best genotypes were found GEN 1 (22/16-n.), GEN 6 (Marsy-n.), GEN 4 (Plovdiv-n.) and GEN 9 (1/17-n.). They may be used in new breeding programs and hybrid lines may be entered in competitive variety lists.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad, H.B.; Rauf, S.; Rafiq, Ch.M.; Mohsin, A.U. & Iqbal, A. (2014). Estimation of genetic variability in pea (Pisum sativum L.). J. Global Innov. Agric. Soc. Sci., 2(2): 62-64. https://doi.org/10.17957/JGIASS/2.2.496

Bashir, I.; Ishtiaq, S.; Fiaz, S. & Sajjad, M. (2017). Association of yield attributing traits in pea (Pisum sativum L.) germplasm. Banat¢s J. Biotechnol., 8(15): 43-49. https://doi.org/10.7904/2068-4738-VIII(15)-43

Bhandari, H.R.; Nishant Bhanu, A.N.; Srivastava K.; Singh, M.N.; Shreya, & Hemantaranjan, A. (2017). Assessment of genetic diversity in crop plants - An Overview. Adv. Plants Agric. Res., 7(3): 00255. https://doi.org/10.15406/apar.2017.07.00255.

Cruz, C.D. (2009). Programa Genes: Biometria. version 7.0. Univ. Federal Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil. http://arquivo.ufv.br/dbg/genes/gdown2.htm

Jaiswal, N.K.; Gupta, A.K.; Dewangan, H. & Lavanya, G.R. (2015). Genetic variability analysis in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Int. J. Sci. Res., 4(1): 2006-2007. https://doi.org/10.17221/89/2017-CJGPB

Johnson, H.W.; Robinson, H.F. & Comstock, R.E. (1995). Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soya beans. Agron. J., 47: 314-318. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1955.00021962004700070009x

Katiyar, S.; Singh, H.C.; Verma, M.C.; Katiyar, M. & Singh, R.K. (2014). Genetic analysis for of heterotic crosses in table pea (Pisum sativum L.). Trends Biosci., 7(9): 733-735. http://trendsinbiosciencesjournal.com/upload/13-777_(Sunil).pdf

Katoch, V., Singh P.; Mayanglambam, B.D.; Sharma, A.; Sharma, G.D. & Sharma J.K. (2016). Study of genetic variability, character association, path analysis and selection parameters for heterotic recombinant inbred lines of garden peas (Pisum sativum var. Hortense L.) under mid- hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh, India. Legume Res.; 39(2): 163-169. https://doi.org/10.18805/1r.v0iOF.6775

Kumar, M., Jeberson, M.S., Singh, N.B.& Sharma, R. (2017). Genetic analysis of seed yield and its contributing traits and pattern their inheritance in field pea (Pisum sativum L). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., 6(6): 172-181. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.021

Lokesh Gour, R.K.; Dubey, P.K.; Moitra, S.K.; Singh, S.S.; Shukla, S. & Tiwari, S. (2018). Genetic parameters exploration of pea genotypes using two environmental conditions. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., 7(9): 2067-2078. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.252

Meena, B.L.; Das, S.P.; Meena, S.K.; Kumari, R.; Devi, A.G. & Devi, H.L. (2017). Assessment of gcv, pcv, heritability and genetic advance for yield and its components in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci., 6(5): 1025-1033. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.605.111

Milenkovi?, J.; Stanisavljevi?, R.; Markovi?, J.; Petrovi?, M.; Vasi?, T.; Andjelkovi?, S. & Lugi?, Z. (2017). Variability of some traits of vetch genotypes originating from different regions. J. Mountain Agric. Balkans, 20(2): 201-210. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20183199946

Patel, S. (2012). Combining ability analysis for yield and its components in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). M. Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, IGKV, Raipur: 102pp. https://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/91545

Saddika A.; Aminul Islam, A.K.M.; Golam Rasul, M.; Abdul Khaleque Mian, M. & Ahmed, J.U. (2013). Genetic variability in advanced generations of vegetable pea (Pisum sativum L.). Int. J. Plant Breed., 7(2): 124-128. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpbg.v27i1.23972

Salam, J.L.; Kashyap, O.P.; Pandey, R.L.; Nag, S.K. & Ranjan, S.K. (2007). Analysis of genetic architect of yield and its components in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Plant Archives, 7(1): 229-231. http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810074296

Saxesena, R.R.; Vidyakar, V.; Vishwakarma, M.K.; Yadav, P.S.; Meena, M.L. & Lal, G.M. (2014). Genetic variability and heritability analysis for some quantitative traits in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Bioscan 9(2): 895-898. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/293490117_GENETIC_VARIABILITY_AND_HERITABILITY_ANALYSIS_FOR_SOME_QUANTITATIVE_TRAITS_IN_FIELD_PEA_PISUM_SATIVUM_L

Singh, A.; Singh, S. & Babu, J.D.P. (2011). Heritability, character association and path analysis studies in early segregating population of field pea (Pisum sativum L. car. Arvense). Int. J. Plant Breed. Genet., 5(1): 86-92. 10.3923/ijpbg.2011.86.92

Tahernezhad, Z.; Zamani M.J.; Solouki, M.; Zahravi, M., Imamjomeh, A.A.; Jafaraghaei, M. & Bihamta M.R. (2010). Genetic diversity of Iranian Aegilops tauschii Coss. using microsatellite molecular markers and morphological traits. Mol. Biol. Rep. 37: 3413-3420.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-009-9931-6.

Tamene, T.T. (2017). Genetic variation, heritability, and advances from selection in elite breeding materials of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes. Agric. Res. Tech: Open Access J.; 8(4): 555740. https://doi.org/10.19080/ARTOAJ.2017.08.555744.

Tiwari, G. & Lavanya, G.R. (2012). Genetic variability. In: character association and component analysis in F4 generation of field pea (Pisum sativum var. arvense L.). Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 25(2): 173-175. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Genetic-variability%2C-character-association-and-in-Tiwari-Lavanya/62d658428d3e1967b6750fe77371fae847a90608

Ton, A.; Karaköy, T.; Anlarsa, A.E. & Türkeri, M. (2018). Investigation of grain yield and yield components of some field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes in Mediterranean climate conditions. Legume Res., 41(1): 41-47. https://doi.org/10.18805/LR-340.

Tyagi, M.K. & Srivastava, C.P. (2002). Genetic variability and correlation among yield and yield characters over two environments in pea. Indian J. Agric. Res., 36(1): 53-56. https://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ijar2&volume=36&issue=1&article=010

Ullah, S.; Batool, S.; Mohibullah, M.; Noreen, J.; Khan, M.; Ali, S.; Saddozai, F.S.; Saddozai, H.S. & Amin, M. (2019). Studies on the variability parameters in pea. J. Genetics Genomics Plant Breed., 3(1): 17-22. http://ejggpb.com/uploads/23_pdf.pdf

Vandev, D.L. (2003). Notes on Applied Statistics 1. Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria. 92pp. https://www.academia.edu/3056206/Doing_statistics_and_probability_with_Mathematics

Ward, J.H. (1963). Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 58: 236-244. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01621459.1963.10500845

Yan, W. & Rajcan, I. (2002). Biplot evaluation of test sites and trait relations of soybean in Ontario. Crop Sci., 42(1): 11-20. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2002.0011

Yumkhaibam, T.; Deo, C.; Ramjan, Md.; Chanu, N.B. & Semba, S. (2019). Estimation of genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and its component traits of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) in North East India. J. Pharmacog. Phytoch., 8, 3: 4034-4039. http://www.phytojournal.com/archives/2019/vol8issue3/PartBH/8-3-590-476.pdf

Published

2020-06-27

How to Cite

Kalapchieva , S., Kosev , V., & Vasileva , V. (2020). Genetic and Phenotypic Assessment of Garden Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes. Basrah J. Agric. Sci., 33(1), 107-121. https://doi.org/10.37077/25200860.2020.33.1.09

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)