Effect of Adding Wings to the Shallow Tines on the Performance of Subsoiler Plow in the Soil Disturbed Area, Soil Pulverization Index & Equivalent Energy of Pulverization


  • Murtadha A. A. Alfaris Department of Agriculture Machines and Equipment, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq
  • Salim Almaliki Department of Agriculture Machines and Equipment, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq
  • Sadiq J. Muhsin Department of Agriculture Machines and Equipment, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq




subsoiler plow, wings, disturbed area, means weight diameter, equivalent energy


The experiment was performed using locally manufactured subsoiler plow provided with wings on the outside of shallow tines feet to study the impact of adding the wings and depth of tillage on the disturbance area of soil, soil pulverization index (mean weight diameter, MWD) and the equivalent energy of soil pulverization (Eq EP) in clay soil. This experiment was done in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), with three replications having a factorial experiment. Three tillage depths (40, 50, and 60cm) with and without wings on the feet of shallow tines were used. The results showed that the impact of adding wings and tillage depths had a significant effect on the disturbance area, soil pulverization index and the equivalent energy of soil pulverization (p < 0.05). The treatment of adding wings on shallow tines (S+shw) has pre-eminence in studied factors. The disturbed area increased by 11.11, 14.29 and 9.80%, the MWD decreased by 27.33, 32.31 and 19.38% and the Eq EP increased by 43.19, 53.03 and 25.13% when the depth of tillage increased from 40, 50 and 60cm respectively.


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How to Cite

Alfaris, M. A. A., Almaliki , S., & Muhsin, S. J. (2020). Effect of Adding Wings to the Shallow Tines on the Performance of Subsoiler Plow in the Soil Disturbed Area, Soil Pulverization Index & Equivalent Energy of Pulverization. Basrah J. Agric. Sci., 33(2), 196-206. https://doi.org/10.37077/25200860.2020.33.2.17