Main Article Content


The adsorption, distribution coefficient, Langmuir and Freundlich models and the mathematical evaluation of pesticides have become more interesting from an environmental point of view. The outcomes revealed that indoxacarb, imidacloprid, and lambda-cyhalothrin are subjected to the Pseudo-first order reaction (PFO). The rate of degradation was reached, into 0.01, 0.07, and 0.04 a minute respectively. While chlorantraniliprole reached 0.00002 a minute. This indicates that these insecticides are decreasing in their concentrations depending only on the time. Hence, the time required to decrease 50% of each insecticide (DT50) was various periods. The DT50 for indoxacarb, imidacloprid, and lambda-cyhalothrin, and chlorantraniliprole 3.2, 1.9, 10.1, and 2.3 days respectively. The distribution Coefficient Kd as well scored (5.25, 1.30, 0.562, and 0.639) mL g-1 respectively. This indicated that indoxacarb, imidacloprid has a mobility behaviour, while the lambda-cyhalothrin and chlorantraniliprole are less mobile in the soil. In terms of Freundlich model (aF), chlorantraniliprole 2.82 and lambda-cyhalothrin 2.75 are more fit than indoxacarb 0.013 L g-1 and imidacloprid 0.249 L g-1 subjected to the Langmuir model (KL).


Adsorption Batch study Chlorantraniliprole Imidacloprid Indoxacarb Lambda-cyhalothrin

Article Details

How to Cite
Issa, J. A. ., Al-Farttoosy, A. H. ., & Matrood , A. A. . (2023). Behaviour Study of Four Insecticides using different Mathematical Modeling. Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36(1), 173–185.


  1. Al-Farttoosy, A. (2020). Microbial-based Bioremediation of an exemplar organophosphorus chemical warfare agent. Chemical and Biological Engineering Department, the University of Sheffield, England-UK, 190pp.
  2. Al-Farttoosy, A. H. (2021). Adsorption-desorption, and kinetic study of diazinon by batch equilibrium. Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils, 8(6), 4933-4939.
  4. Al-Farttoosy, A. H., & Al Sadoon, J. N. (2022). Comparison of different coefficients to know the kinetic behaviour of glyphosate in soil column. Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 35(2), 110-118.
  6. Ashraf, M. A. (2017). Persistent organic pollutants (POPs): A global issue, a global challenge. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(5), 4223-4227.
  8. Ashraf, M. A., Maah, M. J., & Yusoff, I. (2014). Soil Contamination, Risk Assessment and Remediation. In Hernandez-Soriano, M. C. (Ed.). Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination. Intech. Open, London, 920pp.
  10. Bezzina, J. P., Ogden, M. D., Moon, E. M., & Soldenhoff, K. L. (2018). REE behavior and sorption on weak acid resins from buffered media. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 59, 440-455.
  12. Chaudhary, K. & Prasad, B. (1999). Thermodynamics of potassium exchange reaction in entisol and vertisol using a kinetic approach by miscible displacement technique. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 47(2), 221-229.
  13. ChemSafety. (2016). Soil Adsorption Coefficient (Kd/Kf/Koc/Kfoc). [Accessed on 22.10.2022]
  14. Duke, O. S., & Powles, B. S. (2008).Glyphosate: a once-in-a-century herbicide. Pest management Science, 63(11), 1100-1106.
  16. Fenoll, J. R. E., Flores, P., Vela, N., Hellín, P., & Navarro, S. (2011). Use of farming and agro-industrial wastes as versatile barriers in reducing pesticide leaching through soil columns. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 187(1-3), 206-212.
  18. Hameed, S. N., & Al-Farttoosy, A. H. (2022). Carbendazim kinetic, and its adsorption in the Soil’, Neuro Quantology 20(7), 2969-2973.
  20. Ho, Y. S., Porter, J. F., & McKay, G. (2002). Equilibrium isotherm studies for the sorption of divalent metal ions onto peat: copper, nickel and lead single component systems. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 141, 1-33.
  22. Hu, S., Zhang, Y., Shen, G., Zhang, H., Yuan, Z., & Zhang, W. (2019). Adsorption/desorption behavior and mechanisms of sulfadiazine and sulfamethoxazole in agricultural soil systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 186, 233-241.
  24. Kaur, P., Kaur, P., Singh, K., & Kaur, M. (2016). Adsorption and desorption characteristics of pretilachlor in three soils of Punjab. Water Air Soil Pollution, 227, 376.
  26. Kocaman, A.Y. & Topaktas, M. (2009). The in vitro genotoxic effects of a commercial formulation of alpha-cypermethrin in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 50, 27-36.
  28. Lahm, G. P., Selby, T. P., Freudenberger, J. H., Stevenson, T. M., Myers, B. J., Seburyamo, G., Smith, B. K., Flexner, L., Clark, C. E., & Cordova, D. (2005). Insecticidal anthranilic diamides: A new class of potent ryanodine receptor activators. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 15(22), 4898-4906.
  30. Li, X., Gan, Y., Yang, X., Zhou, J., Dai, J., & Xu, M. (2008). Human health risk of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in edible fish from Huairou Reservoir and Gaobeidian Lake in Beijing, China. Food Chemistry, 109(2), 348-54.
  32. Liu, Y., Xu, Z., Wu, X., Gui, W., & Zhu, G. (2010) Adsorption and desorption behavior of herbicide diuron on various Chinese cultivated soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 178(1-3), 462-468.
  34. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2000). Adsorption-desorption using a batch equilibrium method. OECD Guideline for the testing of chemicals 106. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, OECD/OCDE, 1-45.
  35. Okrent, D. (1999). On intergenerational equity and its clash with intragenerational equity and on the need for policies to guide the regulation of disposal of wastes and other activities posing very long time risks. Risk Analysis, 19, 877-901.
  37. Patra, S., Das, A., Rakshit, R., Choudhury, S. R., Roy, Sh., Mondal, T., Samanta, A., Ganguly, P., Alsuhaibani, A. M., Gaber, A., Brestic, M., Skalicky, M., & Hossain, A. (2022). Persistence and exposure assessment of insecticide indoxacarb residues in vegetables. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9, 1-10.
  39. Rasool, S., Rasool, T., & Muzamil, K. (2022). A review of interactions of pesticides within various interfaces of intrinsic and organic residue amended soil environment. Chemical Engineering Journal Advances, 11, 1-16.
  41. Revellame, E. D., Fortela, D. L., Sharp, W., Hernandez, R., & Zappi, M. E. (2020). Adsorption kinetic modeling using pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order rate laws: A review. Cleaner Engineering and Technology, 1, 1-13.
  43. Sachdeva, S., Sachdev, T. R., & Sachdeva, R. (2013). Increasing fruit, vegetable consumption: challenges opportunities. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 38(4), 192-197.
  45. Salman, J. M., & Hameed, B. H. (2010). Adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and carbofuran pesticides onto granular activated carbon. Desalination, 256(1), 129-135.
  47. Shariff, R. M. (2011). Thermodynamic adsorption-desorption of metolachlor and 2, 4-d on agricultural soils. International Journal of Chemistry, 3(4), 34-146.
  49. Thorstensen, C., Lode, O., Eklo, O., & Christianse, A. (2001). Sorption of bentazone, dichlorprop, MCPA, and propiconazole in references soils from Norway. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30, 2046-2052.
  51. Tse, G., & Eslick, G. D. (2014). Cruciferous vegetables and risk of colorectal neoplasms: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutration & Cancer, 66, 128-139.
  53. Weber, J. B., Wilkerson, G. G., & Reinhardt, C. F. (2004). Calculating pesticide sorption coefficients (Kd) using selected soil properties. Chemosphere, 55(2), 157-66.