Effect of Genotypes and Tillage Systems in some Growth Characteristic of Maize (Zea mays L.)
Keywords:Maize genotypes, Tillage systems, Leaf area, Stem diameter
A field experiment was conducted during autumn season 2018 in Al-Qurna Agriculture research station which is located in about 70 km away north of AL-Basrah Center at 47°.45’ east longitude and 31°00’ north latitude. The aim is to Study the effect of three tillage systems (No tillage; T1, chisel plow a depth of 30 cm plowing + 10 cm disc harrows a depth of 10 cm; T2, Moldboard plow a depth of plowing 30 cm + disc harrows a depth of 10 cm; T3) on some growth characters of some maize genotypes (Zea mays L.). The genotypes were Fajer-1 (V1), Baghdad-3 (V2), Al-Maha (V3), Sara (V4). The design of the experiment was randomized complete block design (RCBD) in a split plot arrangement with three replications. The results showed that the tillage system T3 was superior as compared to other tillage systems in stem diameter, while as the treatment T2 was superior in number of days up to 50% tasseling and leaf area. The cultivar Maha (V3) was superior as compared to other cultivars in number of days up to 50% tasseling and leaf area. The interaction between corn genotypes and tillage system was significant on leaf area, that is the genotype V3 under the tillage system T2 gave the highest leaf area reached to 4847.893 cm2.
Abdullah, A.H. & Karim, A.A.K. (2019). Evaluation of F1S’, F2S’hybrids, heterosis, and inbreeding depression of Maize (Zea mays L.). Tikrit J. Agric. Sci., 19(1): 1-17.
Al-Jubouri, S.M.I. & Anwar, A.M. (2009). Influence of different levels and application dates of nitrogen fertilizer on growth of two Corn varieties (Zea mays L.) Jord. J. Agric. Sci., 5(1): 57-72.
Al-Obaidy, D.S.M.; Al-Juboory, J.M.; Al-Juboory, A.H. (2015). Estimating of genetic parameters and construction of selection indices for exotic and endogenous maize genotypes. Tikrit J. Agric. Sci., 15(1): 8-17.?
Alrijabo, A.S. (2012). Effect of a new farming system (zero-tillage) on the growth, yield and its components of bread wheat, durum wheat and barley crops in the moderate rainfall area of Ninevah province. Mesop. J. Agric., 42(1): 1-16.?
Al-Rubaie, M. A. & Al-Ubaidi M. O. G. (2018). Response of maize yield and yield components to tillage system and plant population. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 49(6): 944-958.?
Anjum, S.A.; Raza, M.M.; Ullah, S.; Yousaf, M. M.; Mujtaba, A.; Hussain, M.; Shah, M.J.; Ahmad, B. & Ahmad, I. (2019). Influence of different tillage practices on yield of autumn planted maize (Zea mays l.). pak. j. agric. res., 32(2), 293-301.
Asekabta, K.A.N. (2018). Effects of tillage, cropping system and NPK fertilizer rate on performance of maize (Zea mays L.)/soybean (Glycine max L.(Merill)) intercropin the guing savannah a goecological zone of ghahna Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Dev. Stud. Philos. Deg. Crop: 165pp.
Basir, A.; Jan, M.A. & Khan, J.M. (2016). Response of tillage, nitrogen and stubble management on phenology and crop establishment of wheat, Int. J. Agric. Biol., 18(1): 1-8.?
Dadashi, F.; Zaefarian, F.; Abbassi, R.; Bahmanyar, M.A. & Rezvani, M. (2014). Response of leaf area and dry matter for crop, weeds and cover crops to competition and fertilizer resources. Acta Agr. Slov.,103(1): 27-36.
Haddadi, M.H. (2016). The effects of tillage system and varieties on yield and yield components of corn (Zea mays L.). Int. J. Farming All. Sci., 5(1): 16-20.?
Ijoyah, M.; Fedoje, Y. & Usman, A. U. (2013). Effects of varied tillage methods on yields of maize-okra intercropping system in Makurdi, Nigeria. Glob. J. Bio. Sci., 2(6): 247-254.
Mohsin, K.H. (2007). Response of Yellow corn to different levels of nitrogen, iron and zinc elements and their interventions under the southern region of Iraq, Ph. D. Thesis, Coll. Agric., Univ. Basra: 175pp. (In Arabic):
Muhsin, S.J. (2017). Performance study of moldboard plow with two types of disc harrows and their effect on some soil properties under different operating conditions. Basrah J. Agric. Sci., 30(2): 1-15.
Imorou, L.; Ahoton, E. L.; Wallis, N. Z. & Kanlindogbe, C. (2018). Water stress effect on agro-morphological and physiological parameters of three local cultivars of maize (Zea mays L.) of South Benin. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., 12(5): 2294-2308.
Khether, A.A. (2017). Response of two corn (Zea mays L.) genotypes to herbicides application. Kirkuk Univ. J. Agric. Sci., 8(5): 188-203.?
Khorami, S.; Kazemeini, S.; Afzalinia, S. & Gathala, M. (2018). Changes in soil properties and productivity under different tillage practices and wheat genotypes: A short-term study in Iran. Acta. Agr. Sust, 10(9): 1-17.
Kökten, K. & Akçura, M. (2017). Performances of hybrid dent maize cultivars in bingöl conditions. Süle Univ J. Nat. Lan., 21(1): 261-265.
Malagi, M. T. (2010). Effect of spentwash and tillage on growth, yield and juice quality of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. Panjab, India: 135pp.
Mendes Fagherazzi, M.; Souza, C.A.; Stefen, D.L.V.; Zanesco, P.R.; Junkes, G.V.; Coelho, C.M. & Sangoi, L. (2018). Phenological sensitivity of two maize cultivars to trinexapac-ethyl. SBCPD J., 36(1): 1-10.
Mohamed, A.; Mohamed, I. & Daffalla, A. (2018). Effect of nitrogen fertilization and cultivar on growth and grain yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Gezira J. Agric. Sci., 16(1): 52-63.
Osunbitan, J.A.; Oyedele, D.J.& Adekalu, K.O. (2005). Tillage effects on bulk density hydraulic conductivity and strength of a loam sand soil in southwestern Nigeria. Soil Till. Res., 82(1): 57-64.
Ozturk, H.H.; Ekinci, K. & Barut, Z.B. (2006). Energy analysis of the tillage systems in second crop corn production. Sust J. Agric, 28(3), 25-37.?
Shahzead, K; Khan, A.; Smith, J.; Saeed, M. & Khan, S.A. (2015). Response of maize to different nitrogen sources and tillage systems under humid subtropical conditions. J Anim Plant SCI., 25(1): 189-197.
Shi, D.Y.; Li, Y.H., Zhang; J.W., Liu; P.; Zhao, B. & Dong, S.T. (2016). Effects of plant density and nitrogen rate on lodging-related stalk traits of summer maize. Soil Environ. J., 62(7): 299-306.?
USDA. (2019). World agriculture production, foreign agriculture service, office of global analysis, Washington. Circular Series WAP: 18pp.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Safaa A. Zaidan, Kareem H. Mohsin & Sadiq J. Muhsin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.